How to Effectively Deal Adults With Dementia?

Dementia is a widespread disease that affects millions of individuals annually. It's a frequently misunderstood disorder, plagued by a slew of preconceptions that make it tough to comprehend and research.

Dementia is not a specific condition; rather, it is a word that encompasses a wide variety of symptoms related to the loss of memory and cognitive abilities. These symptoms worsen with time, affecting how a patient acts and participates in day-to-day activities. Although dementia affects the elderly most commonly, it is not a natural part of the ageing process.

According to the World Health Organisation, Dementia is the 7th largest cause of mortality worldwide, as well as one of the primary causes of impairment and reliance among the elderly. It has medical, psychological, social and economic consequences for persons with dementia, as well as their caretakers, families and society as a whole. As per the WHO statistics, more than 55 million individuals worldwide suffer from dementia, with roughly 10 million new cases diagnosed each year.

Dementia is caused by a range of diseases and disorders that damage the brain and neurons either directly or indirectly. Alzheimer's is the most common type of dementia. A person with advanced dementia may exhibit symptoms such as a loss of rational cognition, intellect, social skills, memory and normal emotional reactivity.

When once-healthy neurons, or nerve cells, in the brain stop working, lose connections with other brain cells and die, dementia signs and symptoms appear. As a result, taking care of patients with dementia is a complex process and requires a lot of understanding and effort.

Some of the effective and efficient ways of taking care of Dementia patients are:

  • Keep the everyday activities as simple as possible. Patients are prone to becoming easily confused. Even the slightest task of getting ready can be heavy on them. Find a strategy to help your loved ones cope with stress in a way that is comfortable for them. Instead of giving them multiple options, try giving them just a couple of options to choose from. Using visual cues can be helpful and simplify their task.
  • Create a happy and holistic environment for interaction. One's tone and language transmit the sentiments and thoughts more effectively than the words. Make a good impression on the loved one by communicating politely and respectfully. To help deliver the message and exhibit the feelings of affection, use facial expressions, tone of voice and physical touch, as it conveys volumes. Be polite and compassionate towards them as they need every bit of it.
  • Respond in a way that is affectionate and reassuring. Dementia patients are frequently disturbed, confused and self-conscious. Furthermore, they are likely to get the reality mixed up and recall events that never happened. Avoid attempting to push them that they are wrong, as it can disturb them. Keep the attention on the sentiments they are expressing. Soothe, support and reassure them with verbal and physical expressions. When everything else fails, holding hands and praising the person may be enough to encourage them to respond.
  • Keep the point clear yet concise. Make the sentences and words as concise as possible. Speak slowly in a soothing clear tone. Instead of raising the voice higher or louder, reduce the pitch of the voice. If they didn't comprehend it the first time, using the same words repeat the message a few more times giving them enough time to grasp it. Pause for a few minutes, let them take their time to understand and respond.
  • Develop a fixed and comfortable routine that is easy to follow. For people dealing with the disorder, routines help to create confidence and familiarity. Even the tiniest shifts inhabit may be disturbing. Make sure they eat well and exercise regularly. A healthy and nutritious diet along with regular exercise can also assist the brain stay focused and engaged throughout the day.

Taking care of people with dementia is not a cakewalk but with the right attitude and good quality professional support, it is not impossible either. Castle Meadows Care Home in Dudley is a purpose-built care facility that provide comprehensive, person-centred care. Being one of the top care homes in West Bromwich, we provide tailored care packages, including long-term and short-term personal and nursing care, and anyone can rest confident with our highly qualified team of professionals and fit-for-all purpose facilities.